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HTML Tutorial

Introduction to HTML

HTML, or HyperText Markup Language, is the standard markup language used to create and design web pages. It is the backbone of any website, providing structure and layout for the content.

HTML's Role in Web Development

In web development, HTML works alongside other technologies like CSS (Cascading Style Sheets) and JavaScript to create a complete, functional website. HTML provides the structure, CSS defines the appearance, and JavaScript adds interactivity and dynamic content.

What is a Markup Language?

A markup language is a system used to annotate text, providing information about its structure and presentation. It uses a set of tags or elements to define how the text should be displayed on a web page.

HTML Elements, Tags, and Attributes

HTML uses elements to structure content. Each element is defined by an opening tag and a closing tag, enclosing the content within. For example, the <p> tag defines a paragraph:

<p>This is a paragraph of text.</p>

HTML elements can also have attributes, which provide additional information about the element. For example, the href attribute in an anchor tag specifies the destination URL:

<a href="">Visit our website</a>

Basic HTML Document Structure

A simple HTML document includes a <!DOCTYPE> declaration, followed by the <html>, <head>, and <body> elements:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<title>My First Web Page</title>
<h1>Welcome to My Web Page</h1>
<p>This is a simple HTML document.</p>

The <!DOCTYPE> declaration defines the version of HTML being used. The <html> element contains the entire document, while the <head> and <body> elements separate the metadata from the actual content.

Why Learn HTML?

Learning HTML is essential for anyone interested in web development, as it forms the foundation of web page creation. Understanding HTML will enable you to create and modify web pages, and it is a prerequisite for learning other web technologies like CSS and JavaScript.

In conclusion, HTML is the foundation of every website and a crucial skill for web developers. This overview provides a basic understanding of what HTML is, its role in web development, and the structure of an HTML document. As you continue to learn, you'll explore more advanced HTML elements, attributes, and best practices to build functional and attractive websites.