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Performance Optimization in CSS

Performance optimization is essential for creating fast, responsive, and smooth-loading websites. In this tutorial, we will cover various techniques to optimize your CSS for improved performance.

Reduce HTTP requests

Reducing the number of HTTP requests your website makes can significantly improve its load time. Combine your CSS files into one file and use CSS sprites for images to minimize requests.

/* Combine multiple CSS files into one */
@import 'normalize.css';
@import 'main.css';
@import 'responsive.css';

Minify CSS

Minifying your CSS files removes unnecessary characters, such as spaces and comments, resulting in a smaller file size. Use minification tools like CSSNano or UglifyCSS.

/* Minified CSS */
body {
font-family: Arial, sans-serif;
margin: 0;
padding: 0;
h1 {
font-size: 2em;
color: #333;

Optimize images

Optimize images by compressing them and using the appropriate file format. Tools like ImageOptim and TinyPNG can help with this process.

Use shorthand properties

Shorthand properties combine multiple properties into one, reducing the amount of code you write and improving readability.

/* Longhand */
padding-top: 10px;
padding-right: 20px;
padding-bottom: 10px;
padding-left: 20px;

/* Shorthand */
padding: 10px 20px;

Remove unused CSS

Eliminate unused CSS selectors, properties, and rules to reduce file size and improve performance. Tools like PurifyCSS and UnCSS can help identify and remove unused CSS.

Load critical CSS inline

Inline critical CSS (above-the-fold content) directly in your HTML file to speed up rendering of the visible portion of your page.

/* Inline critical CSS here */

Defer non-critical CSS

Defer loading non-critical CSS by using the media attribute or by loading it with JavaScript.

<!-- Using media attribute -->
<link rel="stylesheet" href="non-critical.css" media="print" onload="'all'" />

<!-- Loading with JavaScript -->
<link rel="preload" href="non-critical.css" as="style" onload="this.rel='stylesheet'" />


By following these performance optimization techniques, you can create faster, more efficient websites that provide a better user experience.