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Viewport Meta Tag

The viewport meta tag is an essential part of creating responsive web designs that adapt to different devices and screen sizes. In this tutorial, you will learn how to use the viewport meta tag to ensure your website looks great on various devices, with sample code and simple explanations.

What is the Viewport Meta Tag?

The viewport is the visible area of a web page on a device's screen. The viewport meta tag tells the browser how to adjust the page's dimensions and scaling to fit the screen, ensuring your website looks good on all devices.

Viewport Meta Tag Syntax

To use the viewport meta tag, add it within the <head> section of your HTML document. The content attribute is used to specify properties and values such as width, initial-scale, maximum-scale, minimum-scale, and user-scalable.


<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<meta charset="UTF-8" />
<meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0" />
<title>Responsive Web Design</title>
<!-- Your content goes here -->

Common Viewport Meta Tag Properties

  • width=device-width: Sets the width of the viewport to the width of the device screen.
  • initial-scale=1.0: Sets the initial zoom level when the page loads.
  • maximum-scale=1.0: Sets the maximum zoom level users can reach.
  • minimum-scale=1.0: Sets the minimum zoom level users can reach.
  • user-scalable=no: Prevents users from zooming in or out.


By using the viewport meta tag, you can optimize your responsive web designs for different devices and screen sizes. This ensures your website looks great and functions well across a variety of platforms, providing an optimal user experience for all visitors.