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Debouncing for Improved Performance and User Experience (Live Playground)

Debouncing is a technique used to limit the number of times a function is executed, especially when it comes to events that can be triggered frequently, like scrolling, resizing, or typing in an input field. By delaying the execution of the function until a certain amount of time has passed since the last event, you can improve the performance of your web application and provide a better user experience.

Why use debouncing?

Debouncing is useful in situations where a function is called repeatedly in a short period of time, which can cause performance issues or an unresponsive user interface. By adding a delay before executing the function, you can reduce the number of times it is called and improve the overall performance of your application.

How to implement debouncing

To implement debouncing, you can use a simple JavaScript function that wraps your original function and adds a delay before executing it.

Here's an example of a debounce function:

function debounce(func, wait) {
let timeout;
return function (...args) {
const context = this;
timeout = setTimeout(() => {
func.apply(context, args);
}, wait);

In this example, the debounce function takes two arguments: the function you want to debounce (func) and the amount of time to wait before executing it (wait). The function returns a new function that, when called, clears any existing timeouts and sets a new timeout to execute the original function.

Here's how you can use the debounce function in your code:

const updateLayout = () => {
console.log('Updating layout...');

const debouncedUpdateLayout = debounce(updateLayout, 250);

window.addEventListener('resize', debouncedUpdateLayout);

In this example, we create a simple updateLayout function that logs a message when it's called. We then use the debounce function to create a debouncedUpdateLayout function, which we use as the event listener for the resize event. This ensures that the updateLayout function is not called too frequently when the window is resized, improving the performance of the application.

Live Playground, Try it Yourself


By using debouncing, you can optimize the performance of your web applications and provide a better user experience, especially when dealing with events that can be triggered frequently.