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Lazy Loading for Enhanced Web Performance

Lazy loading is a technique that allows you to defer the loading of certain resources, such as images or scripts, until they are actually needed. This can significantly improve the performance of your web application, especially when it comes to initial page load times.

Why use lazy loading?

By deferring the loading of resources until they are needed, you can reduce the amount of data that needs to be downloaded when the page is first loaded. This can result in faster load times and a better user experience, particularly for users with slow internet connections.

Implementing lazy loading for images

One of the most common use cases for lazy loading is with images. Here's an example of how you can implement lazy loading for images using JavaScript:

  1. Add a data-src attribute to your images, containing the actual source of the image:
<img data-src="path/to/image.jpg" class="lazyload" alt="Example image" />
  1. Create a JavaScript function to load the images when they are in the viewport:
function lazyLoadImages() {
const lazyImages = document.querySelectorAll('.lazyload');

const loadImage = image => {
image.src = image.dataset.src;

const options = {
rootMargin: '0px 0px 100px 0px',
threshold: 0,

const observer = new IntersectionObserver((entries, observer) => {
entries.forEach(entry => {
if (entry.isIntersecting) {
}, options);

lazyImages.forEach(image => {

document.addEventListener('DOMContentLoaded', lazyLoadImages);

In this example, we first create a lazyLoadImages function that selects all the images with the lazyload class. We then use the Intersection Observer API to check if each image is in the viewport. When an image is in the viewport, we load it by setting its src attribute to the value of its data-src attribute and remove the lazyload class.

Finally, we add an event listener to call the lazyLoadImages function when the DOM content is loaded.

By implementing lazy loading for images, you can significantly improve the performance of your web application, particularly when it comes to initial page load times.

Lazy loading other resources

Lazy loading can also be applied to other resources, such as scripts or videos. The general principle is the same: defer the loading of the resource until it is needed. For example, you can use the Intersection Observer API to load a video only when it becomes visible in the viewport.

By using lazy loading techniques, you can optimize the performance of your web applications and provide a better user experience, especially for users with slower internet connections.