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Jest and React Testing Library for React Applications

In this tutorial, we'll explore how to use Jest and React Testing Library to test React applications. We'll cover the basics of Jest and React Testing Library, and provide sample code to help you understand the concepts.


Jest is a popular JavaScript testing framework developed by Facebook. It is widely used for testing React applications due to its simplicity and powerful features, such as:

  • Zero configuration setup
  • Fast and parallel test execution
  • Snapshot testing
  • Mocking and spies

React Testing Library

React Testing Library is a popular library for testing React components. It encourages best practices and focuses on accessibility. Some features include:

  • Querying the DOM based on accessible roles
  • Simulating user interactions
  • Encouraging testing of behavior rather than implementation details

Setting Up Jest and React Testing Library

First, install Jest and React Testing Library as development dependencies:

npm install --save-dev jest @testing-library/react @testing-library/jest-dom

Next, add a test script to your package.json:

"scripts": {
"test": "jest"

Sample Component and Test

Let's create a simple React component and write a test for it using Jest and React Testing Library.

  1. Create a Counter component in a file named Counter.js:
import React, { useState } from 'react';

const Counter = () => {
const [count, setCount] = useState(0);

return (
<button onClick={() => setCount(count + 1)}>Increment</button>
<p>Count: {count}</p>

export default Counter;
  1. Create a test file named Counter.test.js:
import React from 'react';
import { render, screen, fireEvent } from '@testing-library/react';
import '@testing-library/jest-dom';
import Counter from './Counter';

test('increments count when button is clicked', () => {
render(<Counter />);
const button = screen.getByText('Increment');
const countElement = screen.getByText('Count: 0');;

expect(countElement).toHaveTextContent('Count: 1');

In this test, we first render the Counter component using the render function. We then get references to the button and count elements using the screen.getByText method. Finally, we simulate a button click using and check if the count element's text content has been updated correctly.

Running the Test

To run the test, simply execute the following command:

npm test

Jest will automatically discover and run tests in files with the .test.js or .spec.js extension.


Jest and React Testing Library are powerful tools for testing React applications. By understanding their basic concepts and usage, you can effectively test your React components and ensure the high quality of your applications.