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Introduction to TypeScript with React

TypeScript is a superset of JavaScript that adds optional static typing to the language. It helps catch potential errors during development and makes your code more maintainable and scalable. In this tutorial, we will introduce TypeScript in a React application and demonstrate how to set up a new project with TypeScript using Create React App.

Benefits of TypeScript

Here are some benefits of using TypeScript in a React application:

  • Improved code quality: TypeScript's static typing helps catch errors early in the development process, reducing the chances of runtime errors.
  • Better developer experience: TypeScript provides better autocompletion, inline documentation, and refactoring support in popular IDEs.
  • Easier collaboration: TypeScript's type annotations make your code more readable and easier to understand, which is helpful when working in a team.

Setting up a new React project with TypeScript

To create a new React project with TypeScript, use the --template typescript flag with Create React App:

npx create-react-app my-app --template typescript

This command will generate a new React project with TypeScript configured.

TypeScript files in a React project

In a TypeScript React project, you will see that your component files have a .tsx extension instead of .js. This indicates that the file contains TypeScript code with JSX syntax.

Adding TypeScript to an existing project

If you want to add TypeScript to an existing React project, follow these steps:

  1. Install the necessary dependencies:
npm install --save typescript @types/node @types/react @types/react-dom @types/jest
  1. Create a tsconfig.json file in your project's root folder with the following configuration:
"compilerOptions": {
"target": "es5",
"lib": ["dom", "dom.iterable", "esnext"],
"allowJs": true,
"skipLibCheck": true,
"esModuleInterop": true,
"allowSyntheticDefaultImports": true,
"strict": true,
"forceConsistentCasingInFileNames": true,
"module": "esnext",
"moduleResolution": "node",
"resolveJsonModule": true,
"isolatedModules": true,
"noEmit": true,
"jsx": "react-jsx"
"include": ["src"]
  1. Rename your component files from .js to .tsx and update their imports accordingly.

  2. Add TypeScript type annotations to your components as needed.

Now you have TypeScript set up in your existing React project.


In conclusion, TypeScript is a powerful addition to your React applications, making your code more maintainable, scalable, and less prone to errors. Start using TypeScript in your React projects to improve your development experience and code quality.