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JSX Attributes (Live Playground)

Attributes are an essential part of JSX, as they allow you to define properties and characteristics of the elements within your React components. In this tutorial, we'll explore how to work with JSX attributes, including setting attributes, using JavaScript expressions, and handling special attributes, with sample code and simple explanations.

Setting Attributes

You can set attributes on JSX elements using the same syntax as HTML. However, some HTML attributes have different names in JSX to avoid conflicts with JavaScript reserved words. For example, the class attribute is replaced with className, and the for attribute is replaced with htmlFor. Here's an example of setting attributes on a JSX element:

const element = <img src="image.jpg" alt="A beautiful scenery" className="image" />;

In this example, we set the src, alt, and className attributes on an <img> element.

Using JavaScript Expressions in Attributes

You can use JavaScript expressions within your JSX attributes by wrapping them in curly braces ({}). This allows you to set attribute values dynamically. Here's an example of using a JavaScript expression in an attribute:

const imageUrl = 'image.jpg';
const element = <img src={imageUrl} alt="A beautiful scenery" />;

In this example, we used a JavaScript expression to set the src attribute of the <img> element to the value of the imageUrl variable.

Boolean Attributes

In JSX, you can set boolean attributes by including the attribute name without a value, or by setting the attribute value to true. Here's an example of setting a boolean attribute in JSX:

const element = <input type="checkbox" defaultChecked />;

In this example, we set the defaultChecked attribute of the <input> element without specifying a value, which is equivalent to setting the attribute value to true.

Live Playground, Try it Yourself

Special Attributes

Some attributes, such as style and key, have special meanings in JSX and require specific syntax.

Style Attribute

The style attribute is used to apply inline styles to JSX elements. Instead of using a string, the style attribute accepts an object with properties in camelCase. Here's an example of using the style attribute:

const element = <h1 style={{ color: 'red', fontSize: '24px' }}>Hello, world!</h1>;

In this example, we applied a red color and a font size of 24 pixels to the <h1> element using the style attribute.

Live Playground, Try it Yourself

Key Attribute

The key attribute is used when rendering arrays of elements in React. It helps React identify which items have changed, are added, or removed. The key attribute should be unique within the array. Here's an example of using the key attribute:

const items = ['Apple', 'Banana', 'Cherry'];
const element = (
{ => (
<li key={item}>{item}</li>

In this example, we used the key attribute to uniquely identify each <li> element within the array.

Live Playground, Try it Yourself


Working with JSX attributes is crucial for creating and managing elements within your React components. By understanding how to set attributes, use JavaScript expressions, and handle special attributes, you'll be better equipped to build dynamic and interactive user interfaces. With a solid grasp of JSX attributes, you'll be well on your way to becoming a proficient React developer.

Understanding the importance of boolean attributes and correctly utilizing the style and key attributes will also enhance your overall React development skills. As you continue to build and style React components, these concepts will become second nature, allowing you to create more complex and feature-rich applications with ease.